A variety of exercises, such as strength training, aerobics, range of motion and tai chi, can help with both pain and physical function in knee osteoarthritis. Strengthening can also help with hip osteoarthritis pain. Water-based exercises may improve function in both knee and hip joints.
A 2007 review found reductions in pain and disability in previously overweight patients with knee osteoarthritis who lost a moderate amount of weight.
A form of traditional Chinese medicine involving the insertion of thin, sharp needles at specific points on the body, acupuncture has been touted as a treatment for osteoarthritis pain.
Avocado soybean unsaponfiables. This extract made from avocado and soybean oils blocks pro-inflammatory chemicals and may help regenerate normal connective tissue.
Glucosamine. Some studies show glucosamine improves pain and physical function in osteoarthritis, while others don’t find a benefit. Whether this supplement changes the joint structure remains controversial. Some studies have showed a slowing of joint space narrowing in the knee. Others haven’t shown this effect.